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Status Future consideration
Workspace Informix
Created by Guest
Created on Apr 27, 2021

CSDK support for static links under the latest GCC releases

Currently the only way to produce a statically linked utility using ESQL/C is to compile and link with a GCC release earlier than 5.5. The latest is v10. Messages look like this:
art@Elbereth:~/GoogleDrive/Latest$ esql -static -o dbstruct dbstruct.ec getopt.c
/usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(asfapi.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.rodata.str1.1' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
/usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(asfutil.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.rodata.str1.1' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
/usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(driver.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against symbol `_ixctype' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
/usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(pipe.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.text' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
/usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(shm_fe.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.rodata.str1.1' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
/usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(shmseg.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.bss' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
... MORE OF THE SAME

Needed by Date Apr 27, 2021
  • Guest
    Mar 4, 2022

    OK, I've found a workaround. Add '--static' to the STATICFLAGS variable at the top of the esql script in $INFORMIXDIR/bin and it will compile with gcc versions after v7. Note that you will get a warning about the executable still requiring certain system shared libraries of the same (or compatible?) GCC release, but it will create a working fully static executable! Still, this needs work.

  • Guest
    Mar 4, 2022

    Dectoint.ec is just too simple to pull in the problematic libs. Yes, I can link that one also, but try something more complex and BOOM! Witness:

    informix@Elbereth:/opt/informix/infmx/demo/esqlc$ esql -static dectoint.ec -o dect
    dectoint.ec:28:1:warning: return type defaults to ‘int’ [-Wimplicit-int]
    28 | main()
    | ^~~~
    informix@Elbereth:/opt/informix/infmx/demo/esqlc$
    informix@Elbereth:/opt/informix/infmx/demo/esqlc$ dir ./dectoint
    ls: cannot access './dectoint': No such file or directory
    informix@Elbereth:/opt/informix/infmx/demo/esqlc$ dir ./dect
    -rwxrwxr-x 1 informix informix 696160 Mar 4 11:20 ./dect*
    informix@Elbereth:/opt/informix/infmx/demo/esqlc$ ldd dect
    linux-vdso.so.1 (0x00007fff4e50b000)
    libpthread.so.0 => /lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libpthread.so.0 (0x00007f46b9aa0000)
    libm.so.6 => /lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libm.so.6 (0x00007f46b9951000)
    libdl.so.2 => /lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libdl.so.2 (0x00007f46b994b000)
    libc.so.6 => /lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libc.so.6 (0x00007f46b9759000)
    /lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2 (0x00007f46b9b88000)
    informix@Elbereth:/opt/informix/infmx/demo/esqlc$ exit
    art@Elbereth:/opt/informix/infmx/demo/esqlc$ pop
    /opt/informix/infmx ~/GoogleDrive/Latest ~
    art@Elbereth:/opt/informix/infmx$ pop
    ~/GoogleDrive/Latest ~
    art@Elbereth:~/GoogleDrive/Latest$ esql -static -o dbstruct dbstruct.ec getopt.c
    dbstruct.ec: In function ‘typename_f’:
    dbstruct.ec:1321:29:warning: %d’ directive writing between 1 and 11 bytes into a region of size between 0 and 9 [-Wformat-overflow=]
    1321 | sprintf( part2, "%s(%d)", dtparts[pt2], fr2 );
    | ^~~~~~~~
    dbstruct.ec:1321:13:note: sprintf’ output between 4 and 23 bytes into a destination of size 10
    1321 | sprintf( part2, "%s(%d)", dtparts[pt2], fr2 );
    | ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(asfapi.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.rodata.str1.1' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(asfutil.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.rodata.str1.1' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(driver.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against symbol `_ixctype' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(pipe.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.text' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(shm_fe.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.rodata.str1.1' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(shmseg.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.bss' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(soctcp.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.text' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(tcp.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against symbol `_ixctype' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(unxdmn.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.text' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(unxsoc.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.rodata.str1.1' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(util_fe.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.rodata.str1.1' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(al.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.rodata.str1.1' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(asfinit.o): relocation R_X86_64_32S against `.rodata' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(asfutil2.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against symbol `_ixctype' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(cm.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.rodata.str1.1' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(asfns.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.rodata.str1.1' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(asfpfsqi.o): relocation R_X86_64_32S against `.rodata' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(asfpfutl.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.rodata.str1.1' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(asfslsqi.o): relocation R_X86_64_32S against `.rodata' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(tl.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.rodata.str1.1' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(asfcss.o): relocation R_X86_64_32S against symbol `asf_css_send' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(neterrf.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.rodata.str1.1' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(sockets.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.rodata.str1.1' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(socssl.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.rodata.str1.1' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(tprotsw.o): relocation R_X86_64_32S against `.data' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(css.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against symbol `css_cascade_input' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(isi_api.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.rodata' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(isi_common.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.rodata' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(csmdescr.o): relocation R_X86_64_32S against symbol `_ix2lowmap' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(csserr.o): relocation R_X86_64_32S against `.rodata' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(cssio.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.rodata.str1.1' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    /usr/bin/ld: /opt/informix/infmx/lib/libifasf.a(cssldlib.o): relocation R_X86_64_32 against `.rodata.str1.1' can not be used when making a PIE object; recompile with -fPIE
    collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status

    Now with a earlier GCC release:

    art@Elbereth:~/GoogleDrive/Latest$ gcc-5 -v
    Using built-in specs.
    COLLECT_GCC=gcc-5
    COLLECT_LTO_WRAPPER=/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/5/lto-wrapper
    Target: x86_64-linux-gnu
    Configured with: ../src/configure -v --with-pkgversion='Ubuntu 5.3.1-14ubuntu2' --with-bugurl=file:///usr/share/doc/gcc-5/README.Bugs --enable-languages=c,ada,c++,java,go,d,fortran,objc,obj-c
    ++ --prefix=/usr --program-suffix=-5 --enable-shared --enable-linker-build-id --libexecdir=/usr/lib --without-included-gettext --enable-threads=posix --libdir=/usr/lib --enable-nls --with-sys
    root=/ --enable-clocale=gnu --enable-libstdcxx-debug --enable-libstdcxx-time=yes --with-default-libstdcxx-abi=new --enable-gnu-unique-object --disable-vtable-verify --enable-libmpx --enable-p
    lugin --with-system-zlib --disable-browser-plugin --enable-java-awt=gtk --enable-gtk-cairo --with-java-home=/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.5.0-gcj-5-amd64/jre --enable-java-home --with-jvm-root-dir=/usr
    /lib/jvm/java-1.5.0-gcj-5-amd64 --with-jvm-jar-dir=/usr/lib/jvm-exports/java-1.5.0-gcj-5-amd64 --with-arch-directory=amd64 --with-ecj-jar=/usr/share/java/eclipse-ecj.jar --enable-objc-gc --en
    able-multiarch --disable-werror --with-arch-32=i686 --with-abi=m64 --with-multilib-list=m32,m64,mx32 --enable-multilib --with-tune=generic --enable-checking=release --build=x86_64-linux-gnu -
    -host=x86_64-linux-gnu --target=x86_64-linux-gnu
    Thread model: posix
    gcc version 5.3.1 20160413 (Ubuntu 5.3.1-14ubuntu2)

    art@Elbereth:~/GoogleDrive/Latest$ INFORMIXC=gcc-5 esql -static -O -DHAVE_GNU_GETOPT=1 -DHAVE_GETOPT_H=1 -o dbstruct dbstruct.ec -L/usr/lib
    art@Elbereth:~/GoogleDrive/Latest$

    art@Elbereth:~/GoogleDrive/Latest$ ./dbstruct
    Usage:
    dbstruct [-F|G|D|e|f|l] [-h host] -d database [-t table] [filename]
    dbstruct -M [-F|G|D|e|f|l] [-h host] -d database [-t table] [extension]
    dbstruct -V
    -V - Display revision and copyright and exit.
    -F - generate FORTRAN STRUCTURES rather than "C".
    -G - generate 4GL RECORDs rather than "C".
    -e - generate ESQL-C style include file.
    -f - generate 'fixchar' type for strings in ESQL headers rather than
    'string' type. Implies -e.
    -D - generate simple SQL DDL for the tables.
    ...

  • Guest
    Sep 1, 2021

    Issue is not reproducible .

    1. Tried with CSDK 4.50.FC5 and latest version CSDK 4.50.FC7 with gcc 8.2.1 version

    # esql -version

    Program Name: esqlc

    Build Version: 4.50.FC5

    Build Number: N216

    Build OS: Linux 3.10.0-693.el7.x86_64

    Build Date: Mon Nov 30 15:37:42 CST 2020

    GLS Version: glslib-7.00.FC4

    # gcc --version

    gcc (GCC) 8.2.1 20180905 (Red Hat 8.2.1-3)

    Copyright (C) 2018 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

    This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO

    warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

    # esql -static dectoint.ec -o dect

    # ls -lrt dect

    -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 666440 Sep 1 06:02 dect

    # esql dectoint.ec -o dect1

    # ls -lrt dect1

    -rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 15608 Sep 1 06:03 dect1




  • Guest
    Apr 27, 2021

    This was executed with CSDK version:

    $ esql -V
    IBM Informix CSDK Version 4.50, IBM Informix-ESQL Version 4.50.FC5