Skip to Main Content
IBM Data and AI Ideas Portal for Customers

This portal is to open public enhancement requests against products and services offered by the IBM Data & AI organization. To view all of your ideas submitted to IBM, create and manage groups of Ideas, or create an idea explicitly set to be either visible by all (public) or visible only to you and IBM (private), use the IBM Unified Ideas Portal (

Shape the future of IBM!

We invite you to shape the future of IBM, including product roadmaps, by submitting ideas that matter to you the most. Here's how it works:

Search existing ideas

Start by searching and reviewing ideas and requests to enhance a product or service. Take a look at ideas others have posted, and add a comment, vote, or subscribe to updates on them if they matter to you. If you can't find what you are looking for,

Post your ideas

Post ideas and requests to enhance a product or service. Take a look at ideas others have posted and upvote them if they matter to you,

  1. Post an idea

  2. Upvote ideas that matter most to you

  3. Get feedback from the IBM team to refine your idea

Specific links you will want to bookmark for future use

Welcome to the IBM Ideas Portal ( - Use this site to find out additional information and details about the IBM Ideas process and statuses.

IBM Unified Ideas Portal ( - Use this site to view all of your ideas, create new ideas for any IBM product, or search for ideas across all of IBM. - Use this email to suggest enhancements to the Ideas process or request help from IBM for submitting your Ideas.

IBM Data & AI Roadmaps ( - Use this site to view roadmaps for Data & AI products.

IBM Employees should enter Ideas at

Status Delivered
Workspace SPSS Statistics
Created by Guest
Created on Jan 8, 2016

Save the Random Effects of Mixed/Multilevel Models

Mixed/multilevel models are used to analyze hierarchical data (e.g., repeated-measures data, “nested” data such as when data is collected from individuals working in teams). Mixed models are able to disentangle variance that occurs among the lowest level of observations (e.g., differences between measurements repeatedly collected from the same person, differences between individuals working together in a team) from variance that occurs at higher levels of observation (e.g., differences between the people from whom measures were repeatedly collected, differences between the teams in which people are working). Mixed models achieve this by estimating a different intercept and/or slope(s) for each higher-level group. These per-group intercept and slope estimates are called “random effects.”

I am requesting that SPSS provide a new keyword on the SAVE subcommand of the MIXED procedure that will save all the random effects of a multilevel model in a new dataset. Other statistical programs can easily save random effect estimates, and the SPSS MIXED procedure is estimating these random effects when running the MIXED procedure, anyway.

Currently, there is a way to derive one set of random estimates in SPSS from mixed models that have only one random effect (e.g., only a random intercept). To do this, you save the fixed predicted values and the random predicted values and use the difference between them to back-infer the random estimates for each group. However, this only works if you are modeling one random effect (e.g., one random slope with no random intercept). Most of the time, researchers who want to save random slopes are also estimating random intercepts to account for mean differences between their groups, so this hack is insufficient. Moreover, even when a model only estimates one random effect, it would be nice if researchers could simply save the random effect through the SAVE subcommand without needing to calculate it from the predicted values.

Please note that this request applies to the MIXED procedure on any operating system. The requested feature form required me to select one operating system when submitting this request, so I selected Windows because it is common among SPSS users.